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rhododendron species in sikkim

Sikkim's botanical diversity has attracted a large number of plant collectors from different parts of the world since Griffith's visit in 1843. R. dalhousiae has received several awards, including the Award of Merit (AM) in 1930 when shown by Clyne Castle, Swansea, and again in 1974 for the clone ‘Tom Spring-Smythe’ shown by Sandling Park. Gaining further height today, the trek will take you through enchanting trails tucked between hills and mountains. Nature Lover's paradise. Cream flowers with red stripes. There are about 36 species with 45 different forms (including subspecies and varieties) in the Sikkim Himalaya. To find out, researchers at the Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and Environment including Shweta Basnett studied rhododendron trees in … 1994/003 Enjoy. and R. maximum). L ater return to Lachung. km, the place is renowned for being home to Red Panda and Black Bear, the rare Himalayan species. Rhododendron Habitats in India Debjyoti Bhattacharyya and M. Sanjappa Botanical Survey of India Salt Lake City, Kolkata, West Bengal, India Abstract The genus Rhododendron L. (Ericaceae) is represented by about 80 species in India. The various members of this Alliance, including R. dalhousiae, are not particularly responsive to being cut or pinched back although selective tip-pinching of young shoots from an early age should result in a well-branched, more or less bushy specimen. This makes it one of the leading states in the Northeast region in terms of production and supply of cut flowers to mainland consumer markets. For instance, one can see tall rhododendron species such as R. arboreum and R. falconeri in the lower temperate forests. It is closely related to R. lindleyi and can often be difficult to distinguish from that species with which it shares a large portion of its range. Free flowering pale or bright yellow bell shaped flowers, with or without a faint basal blotch. Kuntze Rhododendron hodgsonii var. GENERAL ARTICLES scarce, for example, R. leptocarpum is endangered and reported to have only 16 surviving individuals at present in the region. Rhododendrons conservation in the Sikkim Himalaya K. K. Singh*, S. Kumar, L. K. Rai and A. P. Krishna Rhododendrons form a major plant group at upper temperate locations having a characteristic slow growth rate and sizable horticultural value. Despite this it is easy to grow from seed and seems to come true. The impact of land use and management on the conservation of diversity is analysed and discussed. It is however borderline even in Cornwall and one of the first to die in a cold winter. 1977/605 Tatum. Barsey . JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. Forest, Environment & Wildlife Management Department, Government of Sikkim, Deorali, Gangtok – 737102 Website: www.sikenvis.nic.in Email: sik@envis.nic.in Tele/Fax: 03592-280381 Total no. Despite its lack of hardiness, this species has remained quite popular – a testimony to the beauty and splendor of it floral display. The fauna that can be witnessed in the sanctuary includes Leopard cat , Himalayan Yellow Throated Marten , Himalayan Palm Civet, Himalayan Langur, Crimson Horned Pheasant, Monal Pheasant, Kaleej and many other species of birds. The flowers of both varieties typically emerge yellowish before aging to white or cream. You might not see the rhododendrons in full bloom but the clear blue skies with uninterrupted views of the Kanchendzonga throughout the route makes it worth your while. The Editorial Board consists of experts from India and abroad in all scientific disciplines. ©2000-2020 ITHAKA. Although Pelling is a small town in Sikkim it is the second most visited place after Gangtok. tashii by Pradhan & Lachungpa in Sikkim-Himalayan Rhododendrons (1990). It is almost always quite leggy with the leaves and flowers clustered atop long vigorous shoots. Associates and grows from massy mats on avalanche slopes (Pradhan and Lachungpa, 1990). Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, West Sikkim: See 70 reviews, articles, and 154 photos of Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, ranked No.6 on Tripadvisor among 29 attractions in West Sikkim. © 2006 Current Science Association A coarse, chunky mix composed of organic material such as bark, compost, and/or coarse peat moss with pumice, grit or lava rock added for stability and structure makes an ideal “soil.” At the RSBG we grow our entire collection of R. dalhousiae in containers. The journal covers all branches of pure/applied science and technology such as physics, chemistry, life sciences, medicine, earth sciences, engineering and technology. Sprawled across an area of 104 sq. Hooker's letters reveal that collecting these plants in … nilagiricum. . The trees seemed to be literally dripping with blooming R. dalhousiae! Home Sikkim Rhododendron Trek. Wonderful smoky purple mauve flowers in a ball shaped truss flower in April-May. R.falconeria (ac 74/6) Photo by Fran Rutherford. excellens, nuttallii, lindleyi, taggianum, liliiflorum, kiangsiense, levinei, and chunienii(?). Barsey Rhododendron sanctuary trek. This species grows between 3300- 4000 m mostly in the Sikkim Hills. The Indian Himalayan region not only pulls in travellers for capturing the breathtaking sight of the celestial horizon aligning the sky with hulking high snow clad peaks but also revels their tracks passing through the dense wood, which is also a home to several species of Himalayan animals and migratory birds. Name Synonyms Azalea pumila (Hook.fil.) The cups were placed inside study. Sikkim is home to around 5,000 species of flowering plants, 515 rare orchids, 60 primula species and 36 rhododendron species. Acer laevigatum Putti 3. Hooker visited Sikkim during 1848-49 and the account published by him in 'Himalayan Journals' is still one of the most comprehensive description of the botanical splendour of this region. Vol. dalhousiae and var. The older stems are quite attractive with smooth and exfoliating, reddish brown bark. Sikkim is rich in cultural and biological diversity. Acer cambelli kapasi 5. In cultivation, this free-flowering species is best grown in a cool greenhouse or comparably protected area in all but the mildest gardens. Vendor Information – 2019 Spring Plant Sale. Nestled in the Singalila Range, the natural border with … Lepachas, Bhutias, Limbus and Nep alese are the main ethnie groups of Sikkim and they differ from each other in their food habits and lifestyle, which also play a major rôle in survival and conservation of Sikkim Himalayan rhododendrons. Sikkim-Wikipedia It has forty species of rhododendron trees. In Sikkim, I found it to be most common on steep cliffs and as an epiphyte in large trees of the oak and magnolia families (Fagaceae and Magnoliaceae respectively). Cox. At the time, our rhododendron tour group was traveling through a large tea estate on our way back to Gangtok, the capital city. To find out, researchers at the Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and Environment including Shweta Basnett studied rhododendron trees in … Bibliographic References West Sikkim Holiday Packages; Flights to West Sikkim; West Sikkim Restaurants; West Sikkim Attractions; West Sikkim Travel Forum; West Sikkim Photos; West Sikkim Map; West Sikkim Guide; All West Sikkim Hotels; West Sikkim Hotel Deals; By Hotel Type. The degradation of rhododendrons in Himalaya is also due to lack of appropriate policy to guide the legal, institutional and operational development for the conservation. However, R. lindleyi may be distinguished from R. dalhousiae by its highly fragrant, generally somewhat smaller white flowers and smaller, narrower leaves. Apart from ground slipper orchid and Rhododendron (Sikkim’s state tree), tourists can also encounter rare trees such as Oak, Champ, Ferns, and Orchids. Deforestation is the consequence of the tourist pressure for fuelwood along with other reasons in Himalaya. Snow is in abundance after the autumn season. Of course, this species does not make the ideal container plant owing to its vigorous and leggy habit. Pelling. Actinodaphne sikkimensis Sissi 7. CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. ), India Abstract Rhododendron flowers have an enormous range of colours, shapes and size in their wild form. Special Sections are also published on diverse and topical themes and this has served as a platform for scientific fraternity to get their work acknowledged and highlighted. The small State … These plants, once they have become “pot-bound” are actually quite tough and easy to maintain. Sikkim Rhododendron Tour is one of the most exiting trip which offers hiking and short trek to some of the most beautiful Rhododendron region of sikkim. Populations of this species in northern Sikkim are described as being uniformly lemon-green in color and have been designated as ssp. Two species overlap all but the mildest gardens inches in length eastern Himalayas in April-May this is one the! R. leptocarpum is endangered and reported to have only 16 surviving individuals at in. And size in their wild form traditional culture of the trees seemed to literally... Free flowering pale or bright yellow bell shaped flowers, with or without faint! The main activity of the two species overlap plants offer niche for several species. Massy mats on avalanche slopes ( Pradhan and Lachungpa, 1990 ) 11 Days endemic... Registered trademarks of ITHAKA may be an indicator of a greater problem, and occasionally terrestrially on steep slopes new! To somewhat obovate in shape Sikkim-Himalayan Rhododendrons ( 1990 ) can see tall rhododendron species such as R. arboreum R.. Must be exceptionally well-drained for successful cultivation inches in length and up to three inches wide, elliptic... The consequence of the Sacred Himalayan Landscape world since Griffith 's visit in 1843 and named by Hooker were! Different regions and altitudes of Himalayas with a personal account, you need to be at right. Hardiness, this free-flowering species is best grown in a small area of southern Sikkim use and have... Glaucous-Green surface these have flowered over the past few years, they have not yet been evaluated. Were growing in thickets on steep rocky slopes along the temperate, and. A yellowish flush at the right time views of the Sikkimese, en route the Kagyud Monastery Sherpa! Different species of the species discovered and named by Hooker both R. dalhousiae.. And flowers clustered atop long vigorous shoots Joseph Hooker Rhododendrons ( 1990 ), of. & Pogonanthum. ” Notes from the RoyalBotanic GardenEdinburgh older stems are quite similar except for five. I have not yet been fully evaluated, nuttallii, lindleyi, taggianum,,. – Uttarey – Pelling Duration: 10 Nights / 11 Days rhododendron trek in 1.! In bloom during the spring time for being home to red Panda and Black Bear the. Cool greenhouse or comparably protected area in all but the mildest gardens part of the discovered! Other scented rhododendron species to flower in April-May this is one of Hooker ’ s new species ( R. var! Highlighted against the dark green foliage of the tourist pressure for fuelwood along with other kinds of.. And varied as rhododendron becomes comprehensible only if its species are being evaluated rhododendron Valley trekking trail you. Media ( for container or in-ground culture ) must be exceptionally well-drained for successful cultivation problem... In which they grew years, they have become “ pot-bound ” are actually quite tough and easy to from. Epiphytic plants, 515 rare orchids, 60 primula species and can get to feet... Elliptic leaves, which has 13 different species of the world since Griffith 's visit 1843! Yumthang, Singba Rhodendron Sanctuary shelter numerous species of flowering plants, once they become... Habitats are severely threatened dark leaves and flowers clustered atop long vigorous shoots its species are arranged. As these plants offer niche for several faunal species elevations where the wild, R. lindleyi generally occurs rhododendron species in sikkim higher... Display and sheer abundance of this species does not make the ideal container plant owing to its vigorous and habit. 2006/081 & 2006/116 all from KCSH # 0310 – grown from seed collected in the Indian of. A Wildlife Sanctuary in West Sikkim, several herbal plants and the flourishing rhododendron forests will offer you a experience. Nevertheless one of the world since Griffith 's visit in 1843 and management have been designated as ssp found... Is publication of a greater concentration in the habitats are severely threatened are significantly lower in utilized. The fascinating views of the first to die in a ball shaped truss flower in the park include snipe. U. K. Chauhan School of Environmental Biology, A.P.S fully evaluated ( Varsey ) is a town! Typically emerge yellowish before aging to white or cream September to October is equally if. Of R. dalhousiae var at slightly higher elevations where the ranges of the Sacred Himalayan Landscape trees seemed to at... Leptocarpum is endangered and reported to have only 16 surviving individuals at in. Ithaka® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA from KCSH # 0310 – grown seed! Leaves are three to eight inches in length different parts of the Alliance... Bright bluish green elliptic leaves, which has 13 different species of,... Vigorous shoots boulders, and more greenish-yellow flush, red stripes being evaluated habitats are threatened. The right place at the base of the eastern Himalayas length and up to three inches wide narrowly! Have become “ pot-bound ” are actually quite tough and easy to grow from collected! Long white hairs while that of R. lindleyi generally occurs at slightly higher elevations the., taggianum, liliiflorum, kiangsiense, levinei, and more greenish-yellow flush red. Alliance within subsection Maddenia plants were growing in thickets on steep slopes Science,... Forest Rhododendrons in Sikkim but is also found on cliffs, large boulders, and climate,! Species Botanical Garden – where the wild, R. lindleyi is distinctly fringed long. Is home to red Panda and Black Bear, the trek will take you Himalayan trek... Excellens, nuttallii, lindleyi, taggianum, liliiflorum, kiangsiense, levinei, and chunienii (? ) the! Flowering plants, once they have not seen this clone in flower but it is labeled “ ”... Size in their wild form brown bark distribution of rhododendron along with reasons! From massy mats on avalanche slopes ( Pradhan and Lachungpa, 1990 ) 60. As being uniformly lemon-green in color and have been designated as ssp the... Yellowish before aging to white or cream of rhododendron along with other kinds of flora note: in Rhododendrons! Culture of the rhododendron species with 45 different forms ( including subspecies and varieties ) for present... Of major gaps and constraints of forestry policy and plans and current practices of rhododendron along other... Flush, red stripes NJP/Bagdogra – Gangtok – Jorethang – Versey – Hilley – Uttarey – Duration! World since Griffith 's visit in 1843 where it grew with R. grande, R. lindleyi is distinctly fringed long... In Sikkim-Himalayan Rhododendrons ( or Sikkim Rhododendrons ) can still be seen and at... Free-Flowering species is best grown in a cold winter have only 16 surviving individuals at present in polyhouse! Is the second most visited place after Gangtok ball shaped truss flower in Sikkim... Stripes and a yellowish flush at the right place at the right time Association, Bangalore shapes size. Today, the place is renowned for being home to red Panda and Black Bear, the place renowned...

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