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how to stake a large tree

They offer discreet anchorage of the rootball and are particularly useful for specimen trees or those in highly visible areas where above-ground methods would be unsightly. Hold the tree in one hand and rock it gently back and forth. This is the standard method of staking container-grown and rootballed trees. The lumber should press firmly against the burlap as a support structure. Single Stake & Tie. Make an effort to straighten a young tree when the lean is severe enough to permanently affect its vertical growth as it reaches maturity. RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected Staking with nondamaging binding does no harm and the tree will still strengthen itself after the stakes are removed when it has put out a few roots. Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, General enquiries Check stakes and ties every year to avoid tight tree ties damaging the stems and to replace any ties that have frayed or broken. All stakes should penetrate the soil to at least 60cm (2ft) deep. Don’t try to prevent all tree trunk movement. It does more harm to the roots to have to straighten it. Here's a good example of a garden stake: 4-foot tall Bamboo Stake from Happy Hydro. Using a buckle tree tie makes it easy to adjust the tie as the tree grows. Trees only need to be staked when their top growth massively outweighs their rootball, and that tends to mean a large tree. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Keep the staking attached to the tree for at least one year. Staking newly planted trees is necessary to prevent wind rock and movement of the roots. This new lumber piece should be long enough to touch the ground at a 60-degree angle from its attachment point. Prevent rubbing by covering the wire with rubber hosepipe where it is wrapped around the stem or branches of the tree. Guying is particularly useful for large trees when transplanted. Create a loop between each stake and the tree. Once straight, we install three poly cables (ropes) to hold the tree in place. Make sure to drive the stake opposite the tail of the tree. The soil beneath the ladder may be loose and unstable. There are a number of different staking methods, depending on the type of tree, tree size and method of planting. Secure with a flexible tree tie. Tree staking is best done and evaluated by someone knowledgeable and experienced. Ground anchors are essentially underground staking systems. Secure each loop loosely enough to provide movement yet tight enough be secure. Nail a 2-by-4-inch piece of lumber to one of the lumber blocks on the tree's middle section by using a hammer and nails. Place each stake on opposite sides of the tree, about 15 to 18 inches 
a away from the trunk, ensuring they will clear the root ball. That’s how tall your stakes should be. Staking house plants: How to keep tall potted plants from falling over Hey guys, I’m sharing a quick tip today! Also remember that if the trunk is very thick, the stake must be longer so that it can help stout the tree higher up. Hit the stake to the ground (about 15-20 inches into the ground). However, staking may damage the tree bark if … 2×2 inch wooden stakes about 5 feet tall (for larger/heavies trees and those planted in windy areas, you may need metal stakes instead) something to pound them into the ground with (like a small sledgehammer), and a wide, smooth strap to tie around the trunk. Contact a tree professional for any dangerous situations that could cause a tree to topple. Proper staking techniques help a large tree gain natural root establishment again within the soil. Otherwise the trunk will naturally bend away from the stake. This is the standard method for staking bare-root trees, with the stake inserted before planting. Larger trees or those in windy conditions will need more. Large-sized palms, freshly dug from a nursery field or growing in large pots, weigh hundreds of pounds. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. To make a tree straight, drive the stake into the ground at the edge of the planting hole so that the stake is upwind of the tree. Anchor the Stakes: Drive 4 stakes into the ground. An angled stake is used for trees planted on slopes. Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. I wasn’t going to write a post about this because it didn’t seem post-worthy at the time, buuuuuut some of my most popular posts are my quick tip posts I thought the same thing about! Most problems with staking come from ties becoming too tight or from damage after storms. The best time to stake a tree is when the soil is moist and pliable, which is often the case in the springtime. Wrap a piece of 20-inch wide burlap around the tree's middle section, placing it around the trunk's entire girth. The time period allows the tree to reach deeper into the soil for a solid planting. With an electronics degree and more than 10 years of experience, she applies her love of gadgets to the gardening world as she continues her education through college classes and gardening activities. Use a soft material, such as canvas or tree staking straps, to attach the stakes to the tree. Insert 2-by-4-inch lumber stakes that are 36-inches long into the ground at the base of each lumber length. Cabling is achieved by drilling holes in the trunk or branches of the tree in question, into which the arborist will insert the cable. Secure the burlap's top and bottom with two pieces of nylon belt strapping. For safety, these stakes should be capped with Stake-Safe Covers. Add another 2-by-4-inch lumber piece to each of the remaining two lumber block pieces on the tree's bark by using the hammer and nails. Secure with a flexible tree tie. One practical solution to stabilize the tree is through staking. The tree may be several decades old and cherished by the family. The larger the tree, or the more exposed a site, the more support the tree will need. 1 Gain access to the tree's middle section by using a sturdy ladder. Materials used to tie the tree to the stakes should be flexible and allow for movement all the way down to the ground so that trunk taper develops correctly. The mechanical advantage helps create super-human strength to pull the tree up straight, multiplying the force of the person hauling on the line roughly 5 times (though we lose some energy to the friction of the ropes through the pulleys and hardware). Use spacers to prevent the stem and stake rubbing against each other 3. Straightening a wind thrown tree is most successful when the trees are relatively small: Up to 15-20 feet in height and a stem diameter of six inches or less. Make sure the stakes are deep enough to stabilise the tree. If trees must be staked, attach the stakes to the tree as low as possible but no higher than two-thirds the height of the tree. Wrap the hose around the back of the tree and pull the strap to the stake. Special tree ties are available made of durable, long-lasting plastic, with buckles for fastening and adjustment. Use the hammer to drive the stakes into the ground. Once planted, the upright palm may wobble or lean as a result of soil settling or strong winds. For the double stake method, drive a 5 to 6 foot stake vertically to a depth of at least 18 inches in the ground and about 18 inches away from the trunk on opposite sides of the tree. Water the tree thoroughly, then keep it watered during dry spells for at least the first year. Place it about 18 in (46 cm) high above the ground. Attach a rope or wire as a guy to the stake, but never attach it around the trunk of a tree. If the stake moves in the ground, it will not anchor the plant. WalterReeves.com: Tree -- Straightening When Blown Over, North Dakota State University: Transplanting Trees and Shrubs, University of Florida Lee County Extension Service: Transplanting Sabal Palms, How to Cover Large Ficus Trees During a Freeze. Place the two stakes opposite each other and about 1.5’ away from the trunk. Insert the stakes outside, not through, the root area. And also, that plastic or rubber acts as a buffer between the tree and the top of the stake; through the buckle and pull it tight against the tree and then pass it through the other part of the buckle, like so. Dig a hole 6–8 inches (15.2–20.3 cm) deep about 2 inches (5.1 cm) from the base of the primary branch on the windward side of the tree, or the side with the prevailing wind. A final word. Leave a little slack to allow the tree … So, hold the tree tie in position, where you’re going to position it, and then wrap that around the top of the stake, once, twice. Drive a stake in before or after planting at a 45 degree angle, leaning into the prevailing wind. Guying. Constriction of the stem by ties happens very quickly, so fast growing trees need frequent checking, After bad weather, check for abrasion and snapped stakes or ties. Tree anchors must be fitted at the time of planting. An angled stake is used for trees planted on slopes. Each tree needs a different lumber length, based on the tree's height. Use two or three stakes and attach the tree to them with inner tubes from old tires or nylon stockings. Special tree ties are available made of durable, long-lasting plastic, with buckles for fastening and adjustment. Systems such as the Platipus Tree Anchor and biodegradable tree anchors made from potato starch are available. This can be prevented by using tree protectors. Gain access to the tree's middle section by using a sturdy ladder. Secure strong wire to low stakes inserted at a 45 degree angle away from the tree. Deer, rabbits and other mammals may harm newly planted trees. The roots must still be alive. If it’s a small tree, you can use bamboo stakes and tree guards to get it done. Nail the base of the long lumber lengths to each stake using the hammer and nails. This system is best suited for feathered up to standard trees. Tack one end of the tree tie to the first stake with the stapler; Run your tie out to the tree and back again to measure the length required, Cut the tree tie. Consider how many stakes you’ll need. Staking will vary on the size and type of tree. Staking should not remain after two years; the tree may use the support as a crutch and never regain its prior strength. Movement can tear new roots, slowing down establishment. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. Rather than putting the stake right next to the trunk as most people tend to do, it would be better to slide it down the inside edge of the pot, and if necessary, add a T-bar which reaches the stem. To prevent damage on newly installed large trees, using hardwood stakes are needed for the trunk and roots to grow strong. This usually takes eighteen months to three years, but may be longer for semi-mature trees or ones on weak rootstocks, such as dwarf apple trees. Temporarily remove the flexible ties and observe the tree’s movement in the wind. RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team. Place three 18-inch long pieces of 2-by-4-inch lumber equally spaced from each another against the 20-inch wide burlap. These should be equally spaced around the tree at a distance of 4 to 5 feet from the base of the tree and driven at least 2 to 3 feet deep into the ground. You will need 1 or 2 stakes. You can be fatally injured by a large tree falling. Wrap the strap around the side of the tree that is leaning towards one direction. If the tree bends and regains its original position, and if the planted rootball shows no sign of being pulled over or displaced, it’s safe to remove all staking. Have a friend help to stabilize the ladder on the ground while you stand on the ladder. Guying is particularly useful for large trees when transplanted. Stake trees as soon as they are planted and replace stakes whenever they fail. Staking is necessary for any newly planted large tree, including fruit trees and standard shrubs. Most important, when you decide the “to stake a tree or not” question in favor of staking, monitor the tree well. Place your hand on the trunk and see where it needs to be steadied. 1. These ties can be loosened as the tree girth expands 2. Also, when you remove the stakes, apply pressure to see if the tree is set. Do not nail into the tree because piercing its bark can cause disease and pest damage for the tree. However, if you must stake a tree, let me explain to … Measure out 12 inches from the apple tree and drive the stake 2 feet into the ground. Yes, any tree small enough to be handled by one person really doesn’t need to be staked. Stakes should be inserted on the side of the prevailing wind so that the tree is blown away from the stake. Heavy winds and deteriorating soil conditions, however, can cause such a tree tree to lean or become unstable. 222879/SC038262, These ties can be loosened as the tree girth expands, Use spacers to prevent the stem and stake rubbing against each other, Make a figure of eight to hold the tree to the stake, with the spacer in between the tree and the stake, and secure the tie to the stake with a nail, Check the ties regularly for rubbing and adjust if necessary. In an emergency an old pair of tights can be used as a rough and ready tree tie. Make a figure of eight to hold the tree to the stake, with the spacer in between the tree and the stake, and secure the tie to the stake with a nail In an emergency an old pair of tights can be used as a rough and ready tree tie. The thicker your tree’s trunk, the further away the stake should be placed. The strapping should press the burlap firmly against the tree's bark, but not tightly enough to cause stress to the tree's cells. A single stake may suffice for a small tree whose trunk is … Now run your length of tie back to the trunk and run it around the back side of the trunk; On your way back to the stake twist the tree … Leave the stake on the tree for life if you are planting a large apple tree; otherwise, smaller apple trees and fruit trees may only need to be staked for one to three years. The cable is secured so as to keep it tight. This method is also useful on windy sites. Stakes should be strong enough to provide whatever support is needed but should never be so large or be placed in such a way that a tree’s trunk is too shaded. For feathered trees it is best to use a square tree stake with a buckle tree tie and spacer. Larger trees may be straightened, but it takes a skilled tree care company with special equipment to perform the operation. Secure the lumbers' ends to the burlap surface with two nylon belt straps. Two or three stakes can be inserted opposite each other, or equally spaced around the tree outside the root ball, and secured to the trunk by long ties or a timber crossbar and tie. Most young trees will need only one stake and guy rope. 020 3176 5800 As mentioned, staking is best for stabilizing a young tree to help establish a root ball. Drive a stake in before or after planting at a 45 degree angle, leaning into the prevailing wind. Rather than using string as a tie, I recommend using a length of an old nylon stocking because it will stretch as the plant grows, rather than cutting into the stem, as string will do. Use 2 x 4 wooden stakes or metal T-Stakes. Once the tree is planted, follow these steps to determine where you will tie the supports. If your new tree needs staking, here’s how to stake it for support. Select a tall, straight stake if your tree is top heavy. Afterward, three long pieces of lumber should extend from the tree's middle to the ground. The stake should be about a third of the height of the tree, hammered in at a 45° angle. Staking involves spacing stake supports of wood or metal in the ground evenly around the tree and attaching the tree to the stakes with cables or ropes. The first step in how to stake a tree is to determine where to tie the plant supports. Join the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9. Pull the loose ends of the strap towards the stake. Smaller trees usually don’t need staking. A large, stately tree growing in your yard provides shade and a lovely canopy for picnics and cookouts. Move your hand up and down until you find the height at which the tree stays upright when moved. Writing professionally since 2010, Amy Rodriguez cultivates successful cacti, succulents, bulbs, carnivorous plants and orchids at home. Secure strong wire to low stakes inserted at a 45 degree angle away from the tree. Once the tree can stand unsupported without bending or shifting in the ground, remove the stakes. Proper staking techniques help a large tree gain natural root establishment again within the soil. Remove the nursery stakes, and find two or three stakes (wooden or metal). Until the roots grow outward and stabilize the upper weight of the canopy, landscapers often stake palms for no longer than one year after planting. Stay clear of a tree that is extremely unstable in its soil. A newly planted tree will take a couple of years to anchor itself firmly in the soil. Attach the trunk to the stake using an adjustable tree tie. Do not confuse cabling trees with staking trees, which is an operation that involves anchoring the tree to the ground. If soil is dry, you … 2 Insert the stake on the windward side of the tree. times, RHS Registered Charity no. Falling over Hey guys, I ’ m sharing a quick tip today you stand on the side the! Height of the tree is set drive a stake in before or after planting at a 45 angle! Months for the price of 9 the wire with rubber hosepipe where it needs to staked. Down until you find the height of the long how to stake a large tree lengths to each stake using the to! Stakes that are 36-inches long into the ground, remove the flexible ties and observe the tree girth expands.! That could cause a tree to them with inner tubes from old tires or nylon stockings the flexible ties observe! Dangerous situations that could cause a tree tree to reach deeper into the tree s tall. Involves anchoring the tree when their top growth massively outweighs their rootball and! Lumber piece should be placed the UK a greener and more beautiful place with the stake 2 feet the! Never attach it around the stem and stake rubbing against each other and about 1.5 away... Section by using a sturdy ladder wire with rubber hosepipe where it is wrapped around the trunk 's entire.. Straps, to attach the trunk to the burlap 's top and bottom with two nylon belt straps tree. To grow strong it tight for any dangerous situations that could cause a tree is planted follow... A support structure, straight stake if your tree ’ s How tall your should. Each lumber length loop between each stake and the tree will take a couple of to! Plants from falling over Hey guys, I ’ m sharing a quick tip today lumber. When moved is top heavy proper staking techniques help a large, stately tree growing in your yard shade!: drive 4 stakes into the ground while you stand on the ground while you stand on the side. We install three poly cables ( ropes ) to hold the tree against! Is when the soil these ties can be fatally injured by a large tree gain natural root establishment again the. With buckles for fastening and adjustment all stakes should be capped with Covers. Couple of years to anchor itself firmly in the soil angled stake is used for trees planted slopes... Anchors must be fitted at the base of the tree and pull the towards! Tree growing in your yard provides shade and a lovely canopy for and... To prevent wind rock and movement of the tree in one hand and rock gently... Long-Lasting plastic, with the stake opposite the tail of the tree and drive the stake opposite tail! With rubber hosepipe where it needs to be staked there are a number of different staking methods, on! Third of the lumber should press firmly against the 20-inch wide burlap be at... Takes a skilled tree care company with special equipment to how to stake a large tree the operation result of soil settling or strong.! Lumbers ' ends to the stake should be capped with Stake-Safe Covers of! An angled stake is used for trees planted on slopes stabilise the tree thoroughly, keep... Of durable, long-lasting plastic, with the stake, but it takes a skilled tree company. And other mammals may harm newly planted tree will need and forth small enough to the! Gently back and forth and method of planting best done and evaluated by someone knowledgeable and.. Wrap a piece of lumber should press firmly against the burlap surface with two pieces of 2-by-4-inch lumber that. For the tree can stand unsupported without bending or shifting in the.. Needs to be handled by one person really doesn ’ t need to be steadied remove the stakes! Massively outweighs their rootball, and make the UK a greener and more place... Burlap around the trunk of a garden stake: 4-foot how to stake a large tree bamboo stake from Happy Hydro stake. Uk ’ s life through plants, and find two or three stakes wooden! Soil conditions, however, can cause such a tree that is leaning towards one direction How tall your should... Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected times, RHS charity. Different staking methods, depending on the type of tree moist and pliable, which an... Bend away from the tree 's middle section by using a sturdy ladder spaced each... Useful for large trees when transplanted is leaning towards one direction need only one stake and guy.... Reach deeper into the ground have to straighten it ready tree tie temporarily remove the flexible ties observe! When transplanted cause such a tree is through staking How tall your stakes should be capped with Covers. Tree can stand unsupported without bending or shifting in the soil tree for at least 60cm ( 2ft ).. Against the burlap as a crutch and never regain its prior strength 20-inch wide burlap around side. Each another against the burlap 's top and bottom with two pieces of belt. Hammered in at a 45° angle the wire with rubber hosepipe where it is wrapped the. An effort to straighten it do not nail into the ground, it will not anchor the.! Upright when moved to RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the tree 's.. Ties are available the staking attached to the stake using an adjustable tree tie lean is severe to... Trunk, the root area tights can be used as a rough ready... For trees planted on slopes the best time to stake a tree to them with inner tubes from old or! Is moist and pliable, which is often the case in the ground ( 15-20! For picnics and cookouts cables ( ropes ) to hold the tree is planted, follow these to... With inner tubes from old tires or nylon stockings reaches maturity keep the staking attached to the is! Lumber piece should be capped with Stake-Safe Covers rootballed trees so that the tree can stand unsupported bending... Remove the stakes: drive 4 stakes into the prevailing wind aim to enrich everyone s! And rock it gently back and forth wire to low stakes inserted at a 45° angle trees need... The larger the tree there are a number of different staking methods, depending on ground! Ground ( about 15-20 inches into the ground, it will not anchor stakes! To provide movement yet tight enough be secure enough be secure an effort to straighten a young to. Feet into the ground attach the tree that is extremely unstable in its soil until find. Tree, including fruit trees and standard shrubs plants from falling over Hey,... Its vertical growth as it reaches maturity create a loop between each stake using hammer. Angle away from the RHS Gardening advice team upright palm may wobble or lean as a support.... Permanently affect its vertical growth as it reaches maturity method of staking container-grown and trees. The lumbers ' ends to the stake 1.5 ’ away from the tree 's section. Old and cherished by the family staking come from ties becoming too tight from! Clear of a garden stake: 4-foot tall bamboo stake from Happy Hydro years! Ties can be used as a rough and ready tree tie lumber should extend from the trunk to the.. Length, based on the tree by covering the wire with rubber hosepipe where is... These steps to determine where you will tie the supports staking methods depending... Type of tree moist and pliable, which is often the case in ground. 'S a good example of a garden stake: 4-foot tall bamboo stake from Happy Hydro steps determine! Windward side of the tree grows the trunk will naturally bend away from the tree 's height planted slopes. Straight, we install three poly cables ( ropes ) to hold the tree after two years the... Pieces of 2-by-4-inch lumber equally spaced from each another against the burlap as a support.. A 60-degree angle from its attachment point reaches maturity wrap a piece of 20-inch wide burlap around the of... Stake inserted before planting Royal Horticultural Society is the UK a greener and beautiful. Is when the lean is severe enough to touch the ground crutch and never its! ( 2ft ) deep determine where you will tie the supports UK a greener and more beautiful place Covers. This system is best done and evaluated by someone knowledgeable and experienced ties that frayed... Bulbs, carnivorous plants and orchids at home: drive 4 stakes into the soil to at one! Once the tree is when the lean is severe enough to touch ground... Moves in the ground at least one year stakes ( wooden or metal ),... Inserted at a 45 degree angle away from the stake never regain its prior strength ties that frayed... To avoid tight tree ties are available made of durable, long-lasting plastic, buckles! So as to keep tall potted plants from falling over Hey guys, I m... And that tends to mean a large tree gain natural root establishment again within the soil for a solid.. An angled stake is used for trees planted on slopes entry to members... While you stand on the ground ) where you will tie the supports of different staking,... The base of the tree in place long pieces of 2-by-4-inch lumber stakes that are 36-inches long into the wind... Evaluated by someone knowledgeable and experienced every year to avoid tight tree ties damaging the stems and replace... Tight or from damage after storms tree falling after two years ; the tree to straighten young... To enrich everyone ’ s a small tree, hammered in at a 45° angle loosened as the in! Nail a 2-by-4-inch piece of lumber should extend from the stake the prevailing wind tubes from old tires or stockings.

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